Sunday, 09, May, 2021

Viral Fever : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Dr.Sunil Bhandari- Medical Officer

Viral fever is most common during monsoons. Due to lack of awareness, viral fever often remains undiagnosed until they progress to the later stages. Besides this, the habit of self-medication with antibiotics to bring down the raised body temperature increases the risk of complications. Hence, early diagnosis of viral fever is crucial. Understanding more about viral fever helps diagnose them at the earliest.

What Is Viral Fever?

Viral fever is referred to as acute viral infections that occur due to the seasonal changes and infection in the environment. They are generally characterized by a rise in normal body temperature. Viral fever is common among almost all age groups during monsoon.

Symptoms of Viral Fever, People with viral fever may experience:

  • Muscle and joint pains ever that occurs at regular intervals
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Sore throat
  • Running nose
  • high body temperature, up to 104 degrees
  • Swelling in face
  • Dehydration
  • Occasional Chills
  • Eye redness
  • Skin rash

Causes of Viral Fever

Fever is nothing but a fight with foreign viruses in the body which increases the body temperature.

Viral fever can be transferred from one person to another like if a virally infected person had close body contact with a noninfected person will definitely infect the person. Viral fever can be transferred with sexual contacts also.

Consuming contaminated water is also the main cause of viral fever.Eating Unhygine food can also weaken your body and increase the causes of viral fever

Staying in contaminated areas or dirty areas will cause viral infections

Insects can carry different viruses and if they bite you or sites on your food will cause viral fevers like dengue and malaria.

Exchanging blood with the virally infected person will cause viral fever

How to Diagnose Viral Fever?

It is difficult to diagnose viral fever just by reviewing the symptoms. So, the doctor would prescribe some blood tests to rule out other conditions. These tests can detect the presence of any bacterial infection that might be responsible for the illness.
In the case of viral fever, blood tests are also indicated to differentiate between the causative organisms. Based on the bacteria or virus present in the blood, the doctor will rule out the condition of the patient.

How to Treat Viral Fever?

The treatment of viral fever depends on the severity of the condition. In general, doctors prescribe medications to reduce the symptoms of viral fever and to bring down the level of fever. Self-medication can worsen the existing condition. So one should definitely consult a doctor for the treatment. Discontinuing the medication can cause the bacteria to become resistant to the drugs which don’t cure the viral fever completely. So, people with viral fever should complete their course of medication as suggested by their doctor.